Churches of Ibiza. The evolution of a people
Dominating The city of Ibiza, we find the Cathedral of Ibiza, a unique print.
We Can See how the Demographic and cultural evolution of the inhabitants of the island has reconverted the landscape and distributed the urban nuclei according to historical elements. We Began our journey through the historical route of the places of worship of Ibiza, referring to the Subterranean Chapel of Santa Inés. Although It is in a cave of natural origin, the belief of worship from the Roman Empire makes it our first point of reference. However, the first building with written references consists of the end of the 15TH century, with the Aragonese conquest. The Church of the Virgin Mary of Jesus served as a place to collect the inhabitants of the area and to shelter the Franciscan monks. This congregation is moved to the area of intramurals of the upper city after the creation of the Church of Santa Maria, future Cathedral of Ibiza. The presence of the ramparts gave rise to the Church of San Salvador, also known as San Telmo, or Sant Elm in the 16TH century.
The Culture of the field
Being the Salinas one of the main engines of the economy of the time, the fortified church Of San Jorge De las Salinas (Sant Jordi) is built to protect the inhabitants of the maritime incursions. Although These constructions usually replace small churches or chapels, their date of creation is estimated on the 16TH-17TH century and they are presented in the most populated and important areas of that time. This is How beautiful The fortified church of Puig de Missa in Santa Eularìa, the Church of Sant Antoni de Portmany and the spectacular Church of San Miguel de Balancet. Spiritual retreats in peacetime and fortresses in uneasy times. In the EIGHTEENTH century it was the turn of the church of San José, although destroyed during the Civil war and replicated years later. At the end of this century, sponsored by the monarchy and the orders of the Bishop Abbot and the Sierra, temples are started to be built with the purpose of bringing the Church closer to the parishioners, or vice versa. The construction of the Church of San Juan de Lebrija, San Lorenzo de Balafia, San Francisco de Paula, San Carlos de Peralta, Santa Gertrudis de Fruita, San Mateo, San Agustín and San Rafael Begins. Some of these churches would take some time to finish building because of the pitiusa and imperial economic fragility of the time. During the NINETEENTH century, and because of purely spiritual needs, the churches of Santa Inés de Corona, Es Cubells and San Vicente de la Cala are built.